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Predictors of Academic Achievement among University students in Today’s Academic Environment in Northwest Ethiopia: A cross-sectional study

Bewket T. T

Abstract


Background:  Tertiary teaching institutions have a key role to play towards growth and development. However, they are surrounded by different challenges, including deterioration in quality of teaching. In Ethiopia stakeholders have been raising their concern about the quality of education in higher institutions. However, there is a lack of data on predictors of academic achievements among nursing students. Therefore, the aim of this study was to identify predictors of academic achievement among nursing students in the Universities of Amhara Regional State. Northwest Ethiopia.

Methods: a cross-sectional study design was employed among 380 nursing students from April 1 –30, 2016. Data were collected through the use of a self-administered questionnaire. Data were entered in EPI info version 7 and then exported to SPSS version 20, for further analysis. To keep the quality of the data collection training was given to supervisors and data collectors. Pre-test was done in Debertabour University before the actual data collection to make amendments on the tool. The proposal was approved by the Institutional Review Board of   University of Gondar and a written consent was obtained from each study participant.

Results: In this study number of nursing students who score great distinction was found to be 209 (55%) and  in the multivariate logistic regression analysis, year of study (AOR; 2.64 2.634, 95% CI: 1.35, 5.11), communication on the topic of study with other students (AOR; 1.83, 95% CI: 1.12, 3.01), Depend on lecturer’s handout for study    (AOR; 0.29,95% CI: 0.08,0.97), Smoking cigarette (AOR; 0.41,95% CI:0.20,0.82), Being active learner (AOR;1.48,9

5% CI:1.09,4.82), learning independently  (AOR; 1.80,95% CI:1.13, 2.87) and Having actual learning style (AOR; 1.82, 95% CI: 1.05, 3.15) were found to be predictors of academic achievement. 

Conclusion: The number of nursing students who score great distinction was high. Creating awareness on the effect of such factors for the student is recommended.

KEYWORDS: Academic Achievement, Higher institutions, Nursing students, Predictors.

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Beni Suef University, Egypt